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13 Checkout Optimization Strategies to Boost E-Commerce Revenue (2024).

Table of Contents:

What Constitutes an E-commerce Checkout?

Reasons Behind Shopper Abandonment During Checkout

E-commerce Checkout Optimization: Best Practices with Examples

Bottom Line

While having an exceptional product page is vital, the journey to converting visitors into paying customers doesn't end there. The checkout process plays a pivotal role, and any friction or unaddressed concerns during this phase can hinder conversions.

Reaching the checkout page doesn't guarantee a sale; several factors can influence a customer's decision between landing on the checkout page and making a purchase.

When the checkout process is cumbersome, customers may abandon their carts, leading to a concerning cart abandonment rate. Astonishingly, the global cart abandonment rate is as high as 69%, a significant proportion of potential sales lost even when customers are seemingly close to completing a purchase.

This underscores the urgency of optimizing your e-commerce checkout process to counter cart abandonment.

To further support the global cart abandonment rate, research highlights that the average cart abandonment rate for e-commerce retailers is approximately 69.82%, implying that only three out of ten shoppers who finalize their cart proceed to complete their purchase. These abandoned opportunities translate to substantial revenue losses, as retailers miss out on significant sales potential.

Are you equipped to capture those wavering customers? Address the weaknesses in your process by implementing these 13 effective checkout optimization strategies.

What Constitutes an E-commerce Checkout?

An e-commerce checkout encompasses the series of steps a customer undertakes to finalize a purchase on an online store. This process commences once a customer has added desired items to their shopping cart and concludes upon receiving confirmation of a successful transaction. An efficient checkout process is characterized by its seamless progression, delivering an effortless user experience.

Across various e-commerce platforms, the checkout process adheres to a consistent framework. Following the selection of products and their addition to the cart, the shopper initiates the checkout phase by entering their billing details.

Subsequently, customers furnish their shipping information to facilitate the delivery of physical products. Notably, this step does not apply to digital goods, as customers can directly download their purchased items.

The ensuing step entails customers reviewing their order details before advancing to make the payment. Following the successful completion of payment, confirmation of the purchase is issued to the customer, signaling the initiation of the order fulfillment process by the company.

Reasons Behind Shopper Abandonment During Checkout

The checkout phase stands as the pivotal juncture within the purchasing journey, representing the moment when potential buyers are poised to finalize their transactions.

Despite this critical point in the process, cart abandonment remains a prevalent issue on a global scale. An extensive study conducted by Fresh Relevance reveals staggering cart abandonment rates of 68.7%, 57.9%, and 55.9% in the United States, United Kingdom, and Europe, respectively.

Allowing your hard-earned leads to slip away at this juncture is nothing short of unfortunate. Several compelling reasons contribute to high checkout abandonment rates, encompassing factors that deter potential customers from completing their purchases:

Unexpected Charges: The emergence of unforeseen costs, such as shipping fees, taxes, or concealed charges, during the checkout process, instills doubt in the perceived value of the chosen product.

Mandatory Account Creation: Forcing visitors to undergo additional steps to establish an account can discourage engagement and prompt users to exit your site without finalizing a purchase.

Lengthy and Complicated Checkout Process: An extended and intricate checkout process can frustrate customers, prompting a desire for swift interactions that minimize hassle.

Website Instabilities and Errors: Instances of website crashes or other errors undermine the purchase experience, potentially dissuading individuals from proceeding with their transactions due to mistrust or frustration.

Performance and Loading Delays: Slow-loading or underperforming websites may lead customers to swiftly depart, seeking more responsive and efficient platforms.

Limited Payment Options: Modern consumers often seek diverse payment alternatives for their convenience. Neglecting to provide a variety of options can result in customers turning away.

By understanding and addressing these pivotal factors, e-commerce businesses can take proactive steps to streamline the checkout process and mitigate the likelihood of abandoned carts, thereby fostering higher conversion rates and maximizing revenue potential.

E-commerce Checkout Optimization: Best Practices with Examples

To effectively address a challenge, it's essential to understand its root causes. Let's delve into actionable strategies that can significantly enhance your checkout process.

Transparent Cost Disclosure: When customers are ready to finalize their purchases on your online store, ensure utmost transparency by clearly listing all associated costs during the order processing. Shoppers must have a comprehensive understanding of the total cost beforehand to avoid any surprises that could lead them to abandon their shopping carts. This includes additional expenses like shipping fees and taxes, which, if undisclosed, might prompt customers to rethink their purchase decision. To minimize cart abandonment rates, it's imperative to provide complete cost clarity. In the example from Rebecca Minkoff below, the breakdown includes:


  • Item cost
  • Shipping cost
  • Applicable taxes
  • Total amount chargeable

Example: Checkout page with detailed costs

Visual Progress Tracking: A potent solution for cart abandonment is the implementation of a progress indicator. This tool offers shoppers a tangible sense of their progress through the checkout process. Serving a dual purpose, the progress indicator:


Illustrates the number of completed steps

This visual guide augments the user experience by offering an estimated timeframe for completing the checkout process, thus rendering the process more manageable. Gymshark effectively employs a progress bar with numbered stages to keep shoppers informed about their current position in the checkout journey.

Example: Checkout page with progress bar

Seamless Discount Application: To capitalize on discounts and promo codes as a strategy, it's crucial to simplify their application. Incorporate a designated coupon code box on the checkout page, facilitating straightforward redemption for shoppers with applicable codes. However, strike a balance to prevent shoppers without codes from becoming disenchanted and leaving the checkout process in search of discounts. Gymshark, in the following illustration, showcases a coupon code box to seamlessly facilitate code redemption.

Example: Coupon code redemption box

Effortless Guest and Express Checkout: 

Offer guest checkout options to allow customers to make purchases without the obligation of signing up or creating accounts. The process is swift, as none of their details are stored. King Arthur Bakery’s checkout page provides a prime example, enabling guests to proceed without a comprehensive sign-up process. For returning customers, implementing an express checkout expedites the process by pre-filling essential information, minimizing form fields, and optimizing the user experience.

Example: Guest and express checkout options

Infuse Urgency: Combating cart abandonment often involves injecting a sense of urgency to prompt immediate action. Time-limited offers, where customers enjoy exclusive benefits by expediting checkout, are a powerful tool. For instance, promising delivery by a specific date and time instills a compelling motive for swift checkout completion. Displaying such offers prominently on the checkout page ensures shoppers are aware of the advantages awaiting them upon swift confirmation.

Example: Special offer for urgency

Enhanced Accessibility Options: 

Designing your e-commerce site for comprehensive accessibility is paramount. Beyond overall site accessibility, optimizing the checkout process for users with diverse abilities is equally important. To cater to differently-abled online users, take measures such as:


  • Properly tagging page elements for screen reader support
  • Implementing high-contrast colors to enhance visibility
  • Ensuring clear and explicit CTA text

Wandering Bear Coffee, with its commitment to accessibility, exemplifies these practices, contributing to an improved shopping experience for all users and bolstering conversion rates.

Example: Checkout accessibility options

By applying these meticulously crafted strategies to your checkout process, you not only mitigate cart abandonment rates but also elevate the user experience, enhance conversion rates, and maximize your e-commerce revenue potential.

Enable Language Options: The allure of online shopping lies in its global reach. Through effective marketing strategies, your e-commerce store can attract international customers, process their orders, and deliver products worldwide. However, many potential international customers abandon their transactions because most online stores fail to cater to their language preferences. Shoppers tend to favor shopping experiences in their native languages, and they might exit your store in search of alternatives that provide this option. To cater to international shoppers and minimize cart abandonment, provide a language change option that allows users to select their preferred language. This approach enhances user engagement and loyalty among international visitors. The example below demonstrates how Rebecca Minkoff offers users the ability to choose their desired language from a dropdown menu.

Example: Language change option

Loyalty Program Signup: A loyalty program is a potent tool for customer retention, incentivizing and engaging existing buyers. When customers enroll in an e-commerce loyalty program, they accumulate points that can be exchanged for rewards and discounts. The benefits of loyalty programs are threefold:


  • Streamlined customer acquisition
  • Heightened brand loyalty
  • Increased profits

Incorporating a loyalty program signup option within your checkout process can effectively lower churn rates and boost profitability. Participants in the loyalty program are driven to finalize their purchases to accrue points and start reaping rewards. When devising a loyalty program for your eCommerce store, ensure clarity in explaining the benefits customers gain by joining. The example below depicts how shoppers earn redeemable points upon signing up for a loyalty program.

Example: Loyalty program signup

Optimize for Mobile Checkout: With 80% of customers utilizing mobile devices to access product reviews, compare prices, and explore alternatives, ensuring an optimal mobile experience is paramount. Neglecting mobile optimization for your checkout process leaves potential revenue on the table, as mobile users may struggle to complete transactions. To address this, prioritize responsive design during layout development, integrating efficient CTAs. Rigorous testing of CTA buttons on mobile devices ensures their efficacy and functionality before launching your e-commerce store. The image below showcases Blume's skincare retailer checkout page, designed to deliver essential information clearly on mobile screens.

Example: Mobile-friendly checkout

Offer Popup Deals: If your e-commerce store is running a sale, popups can effectively convey ongoing offers to customers. Shoppers in the checkout phase already exhibit purchase intent and are receptive to learning about active promotions. However, exercise caution, as customers need to abandon their carts to explore these offers. If your sale offerings are compelling, customers might forgo their current orders to explore the new deals. The example below demonstrates a popup promoting a holiday sale, allowing users to navigate to the deals page or dismiss the popup if uninterested.

Example: Popup deal promotion

Display Trust Signals: Online shoppers often seek reassurance regarding product quality and post-purchase support. Given the inherent risks of online shopping, trust signals play a pivotal role in instilling confidence. These elements convey the legitimacy of your online store, assuaging concerns related to authenticity and quality. Trust signals can be integrated into your e-commerce checkout through tactics such as:

  • Incorporating customer reviews
  • Obtaining an SSL certificate
  • Displaying trust badges
  • Providing contact information

These trust signals bolster customers' confidence, motivating them to proceed with the checkout process. Taylor Stitch's checkout page includes a "Why Choose Us" section that elucidates the benefits customers gain upon making a purchase.

Example: Trust signals on checkout

Accessible Customer Support: A significant reason for cart abandonment is the absence of immediate customer support. Leveraging workforce optimization tools aids in identifying peak activity periods, ensuring adequate staff resources are allocated for customer assistance during checkout. Offering readily available customer support can determine whether a purchase is completed or a cart is abandoned. Live chat and email support can swiftly resolve customer queries or provide additional information about products. By addressing the root causes of cart abandonment and providing relevant support, you increase the likelihood of a successful checkout. Allbirds, for instance, integrates a chat option for customers requiring assistance with their orders.

Example: Chat option in checkout

Clarify Important Conditions: Microcopy, the succinct text used in form fields, CTAs, and more, plays a pivotal role in facilitating an intuitive and error-free e-commerce checkout process. These concise pieces of information guide users in accurately completing form fields and communicate essential details like additional charges, shipping policies, and other relevant information. By providing comprehensive information, you streamline the checkout process, eliminating potential frustrations that may drive users away. Queen Garnet effectively communicates its shipping policy to users, ensuring a clear understanding of product delivery post-purchase.

Example: Microcopy explaining conditions

By thoughtfully implementing these practices into your eCommerce checkout process, you can significantly enhance the user experience, minimize cart abandonment rates, and ultimately elevate your conversion rates and revenue potential.


Strategic Product Recommendations: When a customer reaches the eCommerce checkout page, their focus is typically on finalizing their cart's contents. However, tactful product suggestions at this stage can prompt last-minute additions to their purchase. The key to successful cross-selling is offering recommendations that are relevant to the shopper's interests, without being intrusive. It's crucial not to disrupt the checkout process with unnecessary marketing efforts. For instance, if a customer has added one item to their cart but has also shown interest in another product, you can subtly suggest the latter during checkout. In the provided example, Taylor Stitch recommends a wallet to a shopper who had selected a robe, enhancing the potential for additional sales.

Example: Strategic product recommendations

Customize with Background Imagery: Lackluster checkout pages can contribute to elevated cart abandonment rates. Failing to provide a branded user experience throughout the checkout process may lead customers to abandon their transactions. Fortunately, most e-commerce platforms offer the flexibility to personalize checkout pages. Leveraging this feature, you can elevate the checkout experience by adding a background image that aligns with your brand and store aesthetic.

Customizing your checkout page with a background image is a straightforward process. Start by selecting a suitable image that resonates with your brand identity or captures your store's visual style. Within the admin panel, upload the chosen image to your checkout page and save the changes. To ensure that essential details remain visible and unobstructed, preview the page in a browser and make any necessary adjustments.

By thoughtfully integrating these practices into your e-commerce checkout process, you can create a seamless and engaging experience for customers, thereby reducing cart abandonment rates and enhancing overall conversion rates.

Bottom Line

In the intricate landscape of e-commerce, where the journey from browsing to purchase is laden with potential obstacles, mastering the art of checkout optimization becomes paramount. The 15 strategies explored above offer a comprehensive toolkit to navigate this critical phase with finesse, ensuring a seamless and rewarding experience for both customers and businesses alike.

 Always remember that the e-commerce checkout serves as the pivotal juncture where customers transition from browsing to actual purchases within an online store. Undoubtedly, it stands as a critical phase within the buying journey, exerting a decisive impact on the conversion of visitors into genuine buyers.

However, a persistent challenge looms large—cart abandonment. A significant number of customers abandon their shopping carts when confronted with an arduous checkout process. This predicament underscores the need for relentless optimization to alleviate obstacles. Among the culprits triggering cart abandonment are concealed expenses, mandatory account creation, and insufficient payment alternatives.

In the pursuit of maximizing sales, the continuous refinement of the e-commerce checkout emerges as imperative. The array of strategies elucidated above offers a pathway to enhance the checkout experience, cultivating seamless interactions for shoppers and ultimately bolstering the conversion rate.

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